Animal Exposed Information Sheet

With any injury or exposure, personal should:

  • Clean the wound (scrub area for 15 minutes)
  • Update tetanus prn
  • Watch for signs/symptoms of infection
  • Report the exposure to supervisor or UEHC. If after hours, report to the Emergency Department.
  • Fill out Workers Compensation – First Report of Injury Form – Available on Employee Self Service

Exposure to sheep:

  • Risk of Q-fever
    • Transmitted by coxiella burnetii bacteria present in placentas, amniotic fluid, blood and bedding of sheep, goats, cattle or cats.
    • Signs/symptoms of exposure are high fever, headache, malaise, myalgia, confusion, sore throat, chills, sweats, non-productive cough, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, and chest pain.
  • PPE: mask, booties, gloves

Exposure to non-human primates (NHP):

  • Risk of Herpes B virus, Tuberculosis (TB), Measles, and Hepatitis A
    • Exposures from bites, scratches, or splashes.
    • Signs/symptoms of exposure are flu-like symptoms, fever, headache, vesicular skin lesions at site, and respiratory complications. Could result in death one to three weeks after onset of symptoms.
  • PPE: lab coat, gloves, face shield

Hepatitis A

  • Transmitted by fecal-oral route.
  • NHP infections can result from contact with infected humans or other infected NHPs.
  • It is much less severe in NHP than in humans.
  • Although many species of NHP might be susceptible to Hepatitis A, it is mostly of concern with Chimpanzees (not utilized at the University of Iowa).
  • Other NHP that are naturally susceptible include other great apes, owl monkeys, marmosets, cynomolgus monkeys, and patas monkeys (all of which can serve as a source of human infection). Of those listed, cynomolgus is the only species utilized by the University of Iowa.
  • PPE requirements: lab coat, face shield, gloves

Measles

  • Measles is highly communicable (via aerosol, contact with nasal or throat secretions, or contact with fomites contaminated with infectious secretions).
  • It is imperative that all personnel entering NHP rooms are vaccinated because the disease is potentially fatal to NHPs.
    • NHPs that survive can then serve as a source of the disease and transmit it back to personnel who have not been vaccinated.

Toxoplasmosis

  • A single-celled parasite called toxoplasma gondii causes the disease.
  • Test performed on female animal care workers under the age of 55 who work with cat excrement.
    • If worker has had tubal ligation or hysterectomy, no test is needed.
  • PPE: gloves, good handwashing

Rabies

  • Risk of rabies when exposed to dogs or cats in research labs or animal care area. However, animals in University of Iowa labs are bred in captivity, and therefore, rabies free.
  • Personnel do not need rabies vaccination or titers. Office of Animal Resources (OAR) will notify if there is a policy change.
  • Rabies titers are drawn one month after series or every other year thereafter with rabies exposures.

Visit Occupational Hazards Associated with the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals for more information.