What is enoxaparin?

What is enoxaparin?

Enoxaparin is a drug that is used to treat and prevent blood clots. This is also known as an anticoagulant. It is sometimes called a blood thinner. Blood thinners do not actually “thin” your blood; they make it less likely to clot.

Why do I need enoxaparin?

Normally your blood clots only if you are injured. Some people can form blood clots without being injured. This can be very serious. You have been prescribed enoxaparin to help stop your body from making harmful blood clots.

Why are blood clots dangerous?

Blood clots are dangerous because they can stop blood and oxygen from getting to the rest of your body. Sometimes this can cause death. Blood clots can form in your arteries, veins, or heart. They can break off and travel through your blood. This may cause a heart attack or stroke when they get stuck in blood vessels of the heart or brain. They can also go to the lungs.

How does enoxaparin work?

Enoxaparin works by blocking the body’s natural clotting factors. This makes your blood less likely to form dangerous clots and keeps clots you do have from getting any bigger. Be aware that it does not break up clots you already have.

Why am I on enoxaparin?

Enoxaparin is used for many different medical reasons. The length of treatment is different for each person, so it is important to use it as prescribed by your doctor. This medicine may also be prescribed for uses that are not listed below.

Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE)

DVTs are blood clots that form in the deep veins of the legs or arms. Part of the clot may break off and go to the lung, causing a PE. DVTs are more likely to happen after certain types of surgery or if you are not able to move as much as you normally would due to a prolonged illness.

“Bridging” therapy for procedures

Before some procedures or surgeries, you may need to stop other medicines that you take to prevent blood clots or strokes. Enoxaparin is shorter-acting and may be used during these times to prevent blood clots. This is called “bridging” therapy.

Last reviewed: 
August 2018
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