Sun safety

Child playing in the sun

For many years we’ve understood the sun’s effects on our skin. Here is a round up of sun facts, the science behind sun exposure, and common sense advice for enjoying outdoor activities without exposing yourself to unhealthy risks.

Sun safety facts

  • Anyone can sunburn.
  • Medical experts believe that protecting the skin as a child and teenager can significantly reduce the risk of skin cancer and premature skin aging as an adult.

Skin cancer facts

  • Research shows a link between blistering sunburns in children and an increased risk of melanoma (the deadliest form of skin cancer) and other skin cancers.
  • Sun-induced skin cancers are the most common cancers of Caucasian adults.
  • The incidence of skin cancer is increasing in our country.
  • The risk of developing a melanoma, a deadly skin cancer, doubles every 10 years.
  • Protecting skin from the sun’s rays could prevent about 80 percent of skin cancers.

UV rays facts

  • Harmful ultraviolet rays (UV) reflect off water and light colored surfaces, such as concrete, water, sand, and snow.
  • UV rays reach below the surface of water.
Last reviewed: 
April 2018
Alternative Names: 
Skin Cancer

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