Preventing falls at home

Falls can happen to anyone, anywhere, and at any time. Please follow these tips to stay safe.

You might be at a greater risk of falling if you:

  • Have had a recent fall
  • Have had a recent surgery or procedure
  • Have medical conditions, such as low blood pressure or low blood sugar
  • Have trouble seeing
  • Use a device to help you walk, such as a walker, crutches, or a cane

Tips to prevent you from falling

  • Ask your doctor or nurse about possible side effects of your medicines.
    • Some medicines can make you dizzy, sleepy, weak, or shaky.
    • Keep your medicine in a place with good lighting.
  • Sit for two to three minutes before standing.
  • Always rise slowly to prevent dizziness.
  • Exercise to improve your strength, balance, and coordination.
  • Wear non-skid, low-heeled walking shoes, and tie the shoelaces.
    • Do not wear flip flops; they can cause falls.
  • Do not bend over to put your shoes on; use a long-handled shoehorn.
  • Walk on hard, level surfaces.
  • Hold on to a handrail when walking up and down stairs.
  • Use proper techniques when walking up and down stairs with a walker, crutches, or cane.
  • Walk only in well-lit areas.

Tips to prevent you from falling in your home

  • Put a lamp and flashlight near your bed, so you have light if you get up during the night.
  • Sleep on a bed that is easy to get in and out of.
  • Keep clutter off your floors.
  • Remove throw rugs or loose area rugs.
  • Arrange furniture so you have a clear path between rooms.
  • Clean up floor spills right away.
  • Use a rubber mat or non-skid adhesive strips in the tub.
  • Install a raised toilet seat or a seat with armrests.
Last reviewed: 
May 2018

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