Tracheostomy home care

Your doctor is sending you home with a tracheostomy tube. You, and a family member or friend, will learn how to take care of it.

What is a tracheostomy?

Placement of a trach tube

It is a stoma (a small opening) made in the trachea (your windpipe) where it is close to the skin. A tracheostomy tube is put in to your trachea to help you breathe.

What is a tracheostomy tube?

It is a curved tube that is put in to the stoma in your trachea. Most tracheostomy tubes have 3 parts:

  • The obturator guides the tracheostomy tube into the trachea before it is quickly removed.
  • The outer cannula keeps the trachea open.
  • The inner cannula is placed inside the outer cannula. It can be taken out, cleaned, and put back in.
Parts of a trach tube  Parts of a trach tube

You must always have the obturator ready to use right away if your tracheostomy tube needs to be changed. Always have the obturator with you.

Last reviewed: 
September 2018

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